Food safety and quality are dependent on the type of sanitation process that is adopted. Poor sanitation practices would reduce the shelf life and also increase loss that is associated with spoilage. Sanitation is designed to reduce hazards that are common in the food manufacturing facility. Food manufacturing facility requires special sanitation practices. Food manufacturing facility is an important element of manufacturing activities. For this purpose, the space and everything about the facility must be in good form at all times to avoid food contamination.
Sanitation of the facility involves keeping the food contact surfaces clean and also ensuring that the utensils and other materials are protected against contamination. The simple rule is that regardless of the type of processing you favor, that is, wet processing or low moisture foods, the areas must be cleaned and dry to prevent the presence of germs or any other unhealthy substances.
The sanitation department is an integral arm of the food manufacturing facility. This department is charged with the responsibility of carrying out the right cleaning process with the use of most appropriate chemicals. The department puts some considerations in place for the cleaning process of the food manufacturing facility. Some of the factors that must be considered when sanitizing the manufacturing facility are:
Cleaning materials: In a bid to clean the manufacturing facility, it is necessary to pay attention to the choice of cleaning materials that are used. When the right cleaning material is used, the equipment will not deteriorate. The use of harsh chemicals on soft metals can introduce bacteria into the equipment.
Water: Ideally, the type of water that should be used for cleaning a manufacturing facility is portable water. This means that the water should be fit for human consumption. Water hardness will disrupt the effectiveness of the cleaning material and can also affect the performance of the facility equipment.
Chemical functions: It is not a surprise that cleaning material contain chemicals. However, it is important that you identify the functionality of the chemical in the material. This way, it would be easier to use the cleaning material for the right purposes.
Basic procedures for sanitation process
The sanitation process begins with pickup of product spills, paper, and scarp. This should be conducted during the manufacturing process to avoid excess buildup of dirt and to also prevent the emergence of poor sanitary conditions.
Open equipment panels to thoroughly clean inside. In addition, the equipment panels should not be placed on the floor where foot traffic exists. This may create a recontamination of the clean parts.
Cover the electrical panels with plastic and prevent water from coming in contact with them to avoid damage.
All equipment should be kept properly to prevent injury or accident from happening in the facility.
Environmental surfaces and equipment should be washed with hot water and detergent. The hot water temperature should be between 130°F to 160°F.
Rinsing of surfaces or equipment should be done at slow speed to ensure that it is done thoroughly.
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